CASH’s summary of Chief Medical Officer report

Health equalities

CVD mortality varies geographically by local authority, with the highest rate 2.5 times that of the lowest. There is a clear North/South divide, and rates are 1.4 times higher in the most deprived areas than the least deprived.

Stomach Cancer

Incidence of stomach cancer has declined significantly between 1985 and 2009. Mortality rates have also declined.  Similar changes have been observed in other Western populations reflecting the declining prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection due to antibiotic treatment and an increase of fresh food in the diet, as opposed to salt preserved foods.  


Most CVD is preventable, and identifying those at risk - ie high blood pressure - and making sure they are treated will reduce mortality


The geographical distribution of stroke reflects that of risk factors, particularly high blood pressure. Wider adoption of preventative behaviours will help to reduce the population risk of stroke.

High Blood Pressure

The percentage of the population with high blood pressure increases progressively with age. In 2008-10, 4.1% of 14 to 24 year olds had high blood pressure, compared to 25.9% of 45 to 54 year olds and 72.8% of those aged 75 and over. There is evidence that the prevalence of high blood pressure is increasing among older age groups, although the percentage whose hypertension is not controlled by medication is decreasing. Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Physical activity, healthy eating (particularly reducing salt intake) and medication can all help control and reduce blood pressure levels.

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